As its name, prostate cancer is a cancerous disease that develops in your prostate gland. The cancer cells can spread from the prostate to other parts of your body, such as your bones and lymph. Nowadays, prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Therefore, if you are a man, it is very important for you to have regular checkup to keep a close eye to your prostate condition. In this case, if you are indeed suffering from prostate cancer, it can be noticed early and treated properly before it develops into a more dangerous condition.
Prostate cancer symptoms
There are many symptoms that can occur when you are suffering from prostate cancer. They can be extremely varied in term of its severity depending on your particular case and condition. Learning about prostate cancer symptoms is a wise move because if you can recognize them early, then you can immediately visit a doctor to get proper checkup and diagnosis before it grows into something serious.
Many experts consider prostate cancer as a silent killer because early symptoms of prostate cancer do not surface until it has spread. In the early stage, most prostate cancer is a slow-growing tumor and thus some people do not experience any symptom. Due to this nature, it is important to have a regular checkup to really make sure that the cancerous condition does not exist or it can be detected as early as possible.
Some aggressive tumors do give symptoms of prostate cancer like backaches and pelvis or hip pains, which normally are caused by cancer cells that have spread to the bones. When the prostate cancer grows further, it enlarges and affects other organs. During this stage, different symptoms of prostate cancer start showing themselves, which normally are related with urination problems. Several common symptoms of prostate cancer are pain during ejaculation, difficulty to urinate, experience dribbling after urination, blood in urine, weight loss, frequent urination while sleeping, and a weak flow of urine.
If you feel that you are at risk of prostate cancer, then it is essential for you to get prostate tests to determine whether it really exists or not. There are two types of test, the first is to determine whether a prostate cancer is present or not and the second is to find out the stage of the prostate tumor. Prostate specific antigen (PSA) test and digital rectal exam (DRE) are two tests to diagnose the presence of prostate cancer. On the other hand, transrectal ultrasound and prostate biopsy are used to determine the stage of the prostate cancer.
A PSA test is performed by analyzing the blood sample to find out the level of prostate specific antigen, a substance produced by the prostate gland. If you have high level of PSA, it may indicate some kind of prostate diseases, such as enlarged prostate, infection, or cancer. A DRE is used to determine whether a tumor exists in your prostate or not. The prostate gland is located in front of the rectum and in order to check for abnormalities in the prostate, the doctor will insert a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum. It is unwise to wait for symptoms of prostate cancer to appear. Therefore, it is essential to take a PSA or DRE test once a year to make sure that the prostate stays healthy.
Treatments and preventive measures are available
Another thing that needs to be considered carefully is that even if you are diagnosed with prostate cancer, there are many available treatments out there. You should not feel overwhelmed and feel that there is nothing you can do to survive this condition. As long as you have a qualified and experienced doctor with the support from friends and other family members, you have a good chance to get rid of this prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is definitely a grim condition, but you should keep positive attitude in order to combat the disease.
In addition, you should maintain a healthy life style, which includes a healthy diet and sufficient exercise or physical activities. With better overall health, you will help your body to fight against sicknesses and diseases that can attack your body. There is no surefire way to prevent prostate cancer from happening, but you can fight with every possible way that you can think of. Understanding prostate cancer symptoms, regular checkup, and lead a healthy lifestyle are the things that you should put on the top of your list.